Henocentrism and the Grayscale of Anarchism 4/5 (8)

Difficulty     Mutualism and Anarchism Without Adjectives/Hyphens  Mutualism is undeniably a variety of anarchism, as classical anarchism finds its home in the philosophy of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, the first to describe himself as such. The same cannot be said of capitalism or communism. While both have claimants to anarchism on their side, each equally declares the other incompatible with anarchism. Mutualism does not face such a hardship, but—while facing some irrational challenges from both ends— actually finds allies to both sides. “Anarcho”-capitalists and “anarcho”-communists—at least the educated among them— generally maintain no hard feelings toward mutualism, but see mutualism as historical anarchism, even if slightly annoying (because it is so hard to understand).  It has been a common approach throughout the years to attempt to overlook the differences behind the different kinds of anarchists—real and obscure— and to embrace a philosophy of “anarchism without adjectives” or “anarchism without hyphens.” The general (more…)
Posted in All, Geo-Mutualism, Metaphysics, Panarchism | Leave a comment

The Geo-Mutualist Treatment of Markets and Democracy 4.44/5 (9)

Difficulty     The common form of government in Western nations is the republic, and the prevalent form of economy is capitalism. By republican government, I am referring especially to the system of representative democracy, wherein periodic elections decide on individuals to make decisions on behalf of the public. By capitalism, I am referring to an economic system in which private property—as opposed to personal or cooperative property—[1] is dominant, and that property earns a return above cost, such as interest, profit, or rent. It is common for Western nations to have republican governments, wherein elected representatives make decisions on behalf of the population, and capitalist economies, wherein private firms compete for profits. These political and economic systems are not all alike, but come in many varieties, from parliamentary to congressional republics and from social capitalism to “laissez-faire” capitalism. Capitalist republics, these nations remain. Capitalism can be seen to be a (more…)
Posted in All, Decision-Making, Geo-Mutualism | Leave a comment

Mutualism, Cost, and the Factors of Production: Terminology of Geo-Mutualist Economics 4/5 (2)

Difficulty     The Factors of Production Without understanding the terminology and the associated definitions as ideology uses, it is impossible to understand the ideology itself. Geo-mutualism is no exception to this rule. Some of the more important terms that geo-mutualists may use relate to matters of economics, particularly what are called the factors of production and their returns. A factor of production is an element of creating goods and services. These include land, labor, and capital. Two of these factors are absolutely necessary to production—land and labor—while it is quite unthinkable today to go without the third, capital. All economic production is done with a combination of these factors, and none other. Labor includes all human time or effort, mental and manual. This includes strenuous forms of labor, and passive forms of labor, which merely take up one’s time. Land includes all natural resources which are untouched by human hands, (more…)
Posted in Geo-Mutualism, Mutualism | Leave a comment

Mutualism, Emergence, and the Right of Increase 4.67/5 (3)

Difficulty     Mutualism can be understood to be distinct from both capitalism and communism, while maintaining elements of each. Mutualism’s most-celebrated founder, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, was interested in the manner in which theses and antitheses synthesize, and in which antinomies may come to balance one another. Mutuality, or reciprocity, forever approximates this place of synthesis or balance. This places mutualism between capitalism and communism. One of the fundamental values of mutualist political economy is the idea that prices should be dictated by voluntary costs alone. This is known as the cost-principle, which states “cost the limit of price.” Cost is effort, manual or physical. Any price paid to get someone to work— wages— covers cost. Profit, rent, and interest are prices paid above cost, because they are not payments for work, but for having government privileges, such as exclusive licenses or externalized property protection costs. Landlords, bosses, and private lenders could (more…)
Posted in All, Geo-Mutualism, Mutualism | Leave a comment

History and the State 4.6/5 (5)

Difficulty     The geo-mutualist panarchist interpretation of history is important for its theory of progress. Rather than, as many anarchists, holding a defeatist and determinist attitude toward history, geo-mutualist panarchists embrace the changes in history, and seek to understand them, in order to influence history further. Geo-mutualist panarchists understand prehistoric, historic, and contemporary hunter-gatherers, and simple horticultural people to largely constitute stateless peoples. Hunter-gatherers and early horticultural people were always on the move, and, as such, could not maintain large surpluses with which to govern a society. In order for authority to establish itself internal to a society, there must be some form of accumulated wealth. At some point, economic rents had started to affect the balance of societies, and some horticulturalists had gained comparative advantages in their land holdings. These societies, which wielded a surplus over the others, and thereby maintained higher-grade technologies, maintained the power to use their (more…)
Posted in Revolution, Social Sciences | Leave a comment

The Philosophy and Origins of Geo-Mutualist Panarchism 5/5 (3)

Difficulty     An edited version of this may be used as a chapter in an upcoming book: Geo-Mutualist Panarchism, Theory and Practice ____________________________________________________ Three Wise Men Geo-mutualist panarchism is a complex political and economic philosophy that combines the solutions of three radical libertarian social viewpoints: Georgism, Mutualism, and Panarchism. In order to fully grasp geo-mutualist panarchism, we must look to the originators of each of the philosophies from which it is primarily derived. In the case of the “geo-” prefix, I am speaking of American philosopher and economist, Henry George, from which Georgism, and the shortened geoism, derive their names. Mutualism was a view expressed in the philosophy of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, from France, whose anarchism impacted the early utopian socialist movement. Panarchism was espoused by the Belgian botanist and economist, Paul Emile de Puydt. Georgism focuses on land politics, mutualism primarily on money, and panarchism on social governance. Georgists believe (more…)
Posted in Geo-Mutualism, Panarchism | Leave a comment

Geo-Mutualist Panarchism: A Synopsis 5/5 (1)

Difficulty     I propose a vision of society called “geo-mutualist panarchism.” This view is a combination of the mutualism of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, the classical liberalism of Henry George, and the panarchism of Paul Emile de Puydt, supplemented with libertarian and classical liberal theories of law and jurisprudence, and socialist approaches toward worker self-management and social involvement in decision-making. What would such a society look like? In line with the panarchy of Paul Emile de Puydt, everyone would be able to choose to participate in whatever society it may be, governmental or anarchistic, without moving location, with the only limit to their success being economic viability. Democrats can subscribe to a democratic system of social management, Republicans to theirs, and the same of more radical communists or nationalists, and even of my beloved anarchists. I support a treatise between these groups, with two balancing rules: the non-aggression principle and the principle (more…)
Posted in All, Geo-Mutualism, Macroblog, Panarchism | Leave a comment

Epilogue 5/5 (1)

Difficulty     This Text Can Be Found in the Book, The Evolution of Consent: Collected Essays (Vol. I)   If you have read this book traditionally, going from cover to cover, you should now be at least somewhat versed in both dualistic pantheism and geo-mutualist panarchism. It is my view that these two perspectives, which are prominent in my work, naturally must feed one another to have any cultural momentum, but that in doing so they have the potential to flourish, creating a positive feedback loop. Both dualistic pantheism and geo-mutualist panarchism place great emphasis on the will of the individual, and the necessity of concerted action in liberation. One provides the metaphysical foundation upon which the physical reality of the other may be built. I hope in some of the essays, such as “A Mystical Look at Evolution,” to have demonstrated the necessity of including a non-empirical and subjectivist (more…)
Posted in All | Leave a comment

Revolutionary Incrementalism and Rebellions of Scale 5/5 (1)

Difficulty     This Text Can Be Found in the Book, The Evolution of Consent: Collected Essays (Vol. I) Introduction There are two natural tendencies within an economy; that toward competition and that which approaches monopoly. While most monopolies are due to state interference in the market, natural monopolies may persist in a free market, though they also have potential to be corrected without state regulation. Thus, economies of scale and scope should dictate not only the preferred economic model for such markets, but also the means by which this model may be accomplished; by way of bilateralizing the monopoly, or out-competing it. Supply and Demand Economies are systems of resource allocation, usually maintained between relations of producers and consumers. In a barter economy there is no distinction between producers and consumers, because goods and services are being directly exchanged, but in a market economy the holder of currency (title to (more…)
Posted in All, Macroblog, Revolution | Leave a comment

Cost, Aggression, and Access to the Land 4/5 (3)

Difficulty     This Text Can Be Found in the Book, The Evolution of Consent: Collected Essays (Vol. I) Introduction In this essay, I intend on demonstrating the complementarity between the cost-principle (as used by mutualists), rent-sharing (as displayed by the Georgists), and the principle of non-aggression (as used by the voluntaryists). I will also demonstrate why geo-mutualism is a better way to distribute land than by balancing its use either by individualizing or collectivizing it, as done in the extremes of capitalism and communism. I hope this essay to demonstrate the efficiency, both ethical and practical, of geo-mutualism, and its relatability to the non-aggression and cost-principles.  The Cost-principle In “The Mutualist Cost-principle,” I outline the dynamic of mutualist economics, which follows the maxim, “cost-the-limit-of-price.” According to this view, any price above or below the cost of manufacture is discouraged, including all forms of taxes, interest, profit, and rent. Wages, salaries, (more…)
Posted in All, Anarchy, Geo-Mutualism, Georgism, Macroblog, Mutualism | Leave a comment